PURE BEESWAX CANDLES
Beeswax candles are known as the ‘Cadillac of Candles.’ Not all beeswax candles are made equally, however. Candles can be labelled as beeswax candles with only 51% beeswax and the rest additives (mostly paraffin – a petroleum product). Beeswax candles must be labelled 100% beeswax to be true beeswax candles.
WHY BURN PURE BEESWAX CANDLES?
ECO-FRIENDLY - Beeswax is the purest of all waxes. Unlike soy and paraffin waxes, beeswax is used in its natural state, with no chemical additives or preservatives.
Non- carcinogenic! Solvent free!
VIRTUALLY DRIPLESS - Beeswax candles are virtually dripless when trimmed correctly and burned in a draft-free environment.
SWEET AROMA - The naturally sweet honey aroma comes from the literally hundreds of flowers that the honey bee visits to bring pollen and nectar back to the hive.
CLEAN BURNING - Beeswax candles are non-allergenic. Beeswax is best for those with allergies or sensitivities to scents.
LONG BURNING - Beeswax naturally burns up to 3 times longer than paraffin. Many other candle waxes have harmful chemicals added in order to produce longer burn times.
AIR PURIFYING - Burning 100% pure beeswax candles, which produce negative ions, improves indoor air quality by neutralizing airborne particles such as dust, mold, odours and pollen, that are floating in the air. (see Additional Notes)
BLOOM – 100% pure beeswax candles develop bloom over time. Bloom is an indicator of purity cherished by candle connoisseurs. If you prefer a polished look, simply buff with a soft cloth or cheese cloth.
EXTISNGUISHING CANDLES – for pillars and votives, simply dunk the wick into the melted candle and straighten, making sure to center it for an even burn. This is a smokeless method and guarantees an easy relight. For candlesticks, such as tapers or tubes, it is better to snuff them out.
TRIMMING THE WICK – Occasionally carbon may build up on the wick. If this occurs extinguish the candle, trim the wick and relight. Keep your candle's wick trimmed to ¼”. If the wick gets longer than 1/2” your candle will be burning with a very large flame which will melt a wider ‘pool' in a very short time. This can result in the pool melting through the side of the candle and leaking out. You then have a ¾ inch wick that proceeds to melt the wax even faster, taking you into a Melt Down.
"INCH AN HOUR” RULE – a 2” diameter candle is best burned for 1½ - 2 hours at a time. A 3” candle is best burned for 2½ - 3 hours. These candles can be burned longer than the suggested burning time, however your candle will burn with maximum efficiency when you adhere to the “Inch An Hour” rule.
HUGGING YOUR CANDLE – ‘Hugging’ is an alternative to trimming the candle's wick when the candle has burned down somewhat and the wick has gotten taller.
DRIPS – When a flame flickers a lot, it may drip. There are many factors which cause the flame to flicker: drafts, forced air furnaces, fans, etc. Candles are best burned in a draft free environment.
SMOKING – Pure Beeswax candles should not smoke! If you ever see smoke coming off the candle, it is simple telling you that the wick is too tall. A large wick smokes because it is melting wax so fast it is not burning efficiently. Correct this by trimming the wick to ¼”.
CLEANUP – The easiest way to remove beeswax from your holder is to place it in the freezer for a few hours. Once removed from the freezer simply chip the wax off and wash with warm soapy water. For easier removal of wick tabs, place a layer of course salt in the bottom of Tealight and Votive Cups before burning.
SPILLS - If you spill on fabric, place the item in the freezer until it hardens and then chip it off. You can also cover the fabric with a paper towel and press with a warm (not hot) iron over the spill, repeating until all the wax is absorbed in to the towel.
PILLARS – For full wax consumption, let a wax pool form to the outer edge of the candle by allowing the pillar to burn for at least three hours each time you light it (approx. 1 hour per inch of diameter). This prevents the pillar from burning a hole just down the center. As the pillar burns down, you can fold the edges into the wax pool for an even burn throughout. Take care not to over do it and flood the wick.
TOXINS IN CANDLES
It’s true – that pretty and sweetly scented candle is actually filling your home with toxic chemicals.
What is it that makes some candles toxic?
Most conventional candles use paraffin as their major ingredient – the sludge waste product from the petroleum industry. Two particularly toxic chemicals are found in the sooty residue - released when burning. Benzene and Toluene, both known carcinogens. Benzene is cancer-causing and Toluene affects the central nervous system. This soot and the fumes are similar to that released from a diesel engine and can be as dangerous as second-hand cigarette smoke. This can contribute to serious respiratory issues like asthma. Other toxic chemicals that may be present in paraffin candles include: Acetone (solvent), Trichlorofluoromethane (also known as Freon), Carbon Disulfide, 2-Butanone, Trichloroethane, Trichloroethene, Carbon Tetrachloride, Tetrachloroethene, Chlorobenzene, Ethylbenzene, Styrene, Xylene, Phenol. Cresol, Cyclopentane.
Many scented candles may have lead or lead cores in the wick. The lead core helps to stiffen the wick, which becomes softened from the added scents. These wicks release dangerous amounts of lead into your home (see study: University of Michigan, “Some candles emit dangerous levels of lead). Lead wicked candles were banned in the States in 2003 but there has not been a ban on lead wicks as yet in Canada. A candle with a lead-core wick releases five times the amount of lead considered hazardous for children and exceeds EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) pollution standards for outdoor air, says the CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission), which is why they banned lead wicks in the United States in 2003. Exposure to high amounts of lead has been linked to hormone disruption, behavioral problems, learning disabilities and numerous health problems.
Scented candles are a concern. EWG (Environmental Working Group) says this about FRAGRANCE: “The word “fragrance” or “perfume” on the product label represents a mixture of various chemicals and ingredients used as fragrance dispersants such as diethyl phthalate. Fragrance mixes have been associated with allergies, dermatitis, respiratory distress and potential effects on the reproductive system.” (see: http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/702512/FRAGRANCE/#)
Scented candles are the major source of candle soot deposition. Most candle wax paraffins are saturated hydrocarbons that are solid at room temperature. Most fragrance oils are unsaturated hydrocarbons and are liquid at room temperature. The lower the carbon-to-hydrogen ratio, the less soot is produced by the flame. Therefore, waxes that have more fragrances in them produce 30% more soot. In other words, candles labeled “super scented” and those that are soft to the touch are more likely to generate soot. (sited from: https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=P1009BZL.txt)
One alternative is soy-based candles, but the majority of soy is genetically modified. Soy candles also contain paraffin. Even 100% soy candles must contain a small amount of paraffin as soy oil is a liquid at room temperature and needs the paraffin in order to be in a solid state. Soy products are commonly bleached. The beans are grown globally and can be linked to deforestation for soy plantations. Enthusiasts point out the soy candles are helping to reduce the amount of petrol used – this helping the environment. However, there is much evidence to show that soy is one of the crops that the growing methods are often harmful to the environment, using pesticides and forest clearing to produce large soybean crops.
Beeswax candles emit negative ions, which help reduce positively charged ions in the air.
From the dictionary: Positive ions are generated by electrical devices, by scented candles, by walking across carpet, and even by heating/cooling systems. They are a fact of life, but they can carry everything from dust to pollen to toxic mold, so it is important to reduce them. Indoor air typically has a higher concentration of positive ions.
This is where negatively charged ions come in. They bind together and have a heavier molecular weight so they are no longer floating around the air.
Beeswax candles are a good source of negative ions, and can help reduce indoor air pollution.
Honeybees pollinate 1/3 of the food we eat
and are a vital resource in our ecosystem
– let's Save our Bees!
ChickaBees is a Proud supporter of the Canadian Honey Council and the "Save our Bees" program